ROVs in the Oil and Gas Industry
Oil and gas deposits are present both under inland water bodies and in the oceans. Exploration, drilling and development of these deposits are critical to meet the increasing demand for these resources.
Subsea technologies allow industrial enterprises to more effectively search for new and use already discovered deposits by increasing the exploration area and safe operation. This allows optimal location of oil rigs and the most efficient use of each field.
Remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs) are very useful in the oil and gas industry. They are able to carry out exploration, inspection and repair work in oil and gas production areas.

The exploration of the underwater environment by divers has its limitations. Firstly, every dive is a threat to a human's health and life. Secondly, the maximum human immersion depth is less than the ROV's. In addition, small ROVs are able to get into places inaccessible to divers.
SmartDive ROV
The Role of ROVs
Repair of underwater structures and equipment is also often easier to carry out using ROVs. Water currents, great depth and low water temperature create serious problems for divers to carry out repair work. Remotely controlled vehicles deal with these problems much easier and faster.
Now the ROV market is actively growing, and with it the use of various types of remote-controlled underwater vehicles in oil and gas fields. Of the many classes of remotely controlled underwater vehicles, 2 are the most popular in the oil and gas industry:
1. Working class ROVs

These devices are used to perform several tasks. They are equipped with mechanical "hands", or manipulators. With the help of manipulators of different sizes and capacities, ROVs are able to lift loads and, if necessary, cling to various objects under water.

ROVs of a heavy working class are devices suitable for carrying out serious work at great depths. They can pass under water to a depth of 3,000 meters and weigh up to 2,000 kilograms. Typically, such ROVs are equipped with several powerful manipulators, as well as a large number of sensors.
2. Inspection class ROVs

Such devices are mainly used for surveying the bottom and various underwater structures. Thanks to the broadcast and video recording, the operator sees everything that happens at the place of operation of the device. Inspection grade remotely operated vehicles come in different sizes to suit different applications. Our SmartDive-150 also belongs to this class.
SmartDive ROV
Importance of ROVs in the oil and gas industry

Currently, ROVs have become almost indispensable in the oil and gas industry. With the advent of subsea infrastructure for the development of oil and gas fields, ROVs have become an integral part of operations. Mordor Intelligence study "Offshore Oil and Gas Communications Market: Growth, Trends, Impact of COVID-19 and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)" shows that the ROV market is a fast growing sector in the global oil and gas market.
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